THE CORK OAK FOREST

More than a human choice, the cork oak forest existence was a choice of nature. With an area of approximately 2.2 million hectares, the cork oak forest is one of the richest ecosystems in the World, being considered one of the 36 biodiversity hotspots. Cork oak forests are an ecosystem with a delicate balance, subsisting only in the Mediterranean basin, under the Atlantic influence, as is the Portugal example. Its importance is fundamental for the protection of endangered species, such as the Iberian Lynx and still functioning as a key element in the fight against local desertification.

Country Hec % Ton %
Portugal 736.775 34% 100.000 50%
Spain 574.248 27% 61.504 31%
Morroco 383.120 18% 11.686 6%
Algeria 230.000 11% 9.915 5%
Tunisia 85.771 4% 6.962 3%
France 65.228 3% 5.200 3%
Italy 64.800 3% 6.161 3%
Total 2.139.942 100% 201.428 100%

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hectares total forest area

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hectares in Portugal

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located in alentejo and algarve

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tons annual average production of cork in the mediterranean basin

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numbers of trees by hectare

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average life of a cork oak tree

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average height of an adult cork oak tree

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quantity of cork extracted per tree

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number harvests per oak

0 declared as National Tree of Portugal

by the Parliament of Portugal

Cork is a 100% natural plant tissue, formed by hexagonal shaped cells agglomeration. These, inside, contain a gas identical to air, being coated with suberin and lignin.
The life cycle of cork, as a raw material, begins with its extraction from the cork bark, a process known as stripping.
The cork harvesting is an ancient process done by specialists, the descortiçadores, where the cork bark is removed without harming the tree.

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for extraction of the first cork

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time required for each new harvesting

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minimum trim perimeter for extraction to occur

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cork weight per cm3

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amount of cells per cm3

MASILVA AND FOREST RESPONSIBILITY

Cork harvesting is done manually with traditional tools, minimizing the environmental impact and improving tree’s health.
As proof our methods work, not only cork forests are flourishing and the total farming area with cork oaks is expanding every year. To this end, MASILVA has a specialized team that monitors forests throughout the year.
Cork is processed in Portugal at the MASILVA 3 facilities, in Alter do Chão, in the heart of the Alentejo forest, where it grows, minimizing transport and the respective carbon footprint. The water used in the facilities for the sterilization and vaporization of cork planks is recycled and filtered. One of MASILVA’s fundamental responsibilities is to actively promote responsible forestry practices in entire southern region of Portugal, where the districts of Alentejo and Algarve offer an almost perfect combination of climate and soil to develop the growth of this noble raw material.

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raw material storage area

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raw material purchased per year

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of c02 retained per year

0.0 Cork Oak Trees

protected per year

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of forest protected per year

Ask for your GREEN CERTIFICATE and find out how much you are contributing to the protection of the forest by buying cork stoppers.

IN THE HEART
OF THE FOREST